Pinot Blanc Wine
Pinot Blanc is a versatile white-wine grape variety that is used in the production of still, sparkling and sweet dessert wines. Although not the most glamorous member of the Pinot family, the variety has proven its worth in various European wine regions, including Alsace in northeast France, the Alto Adige region of Italy, and in parts of Germany and Austria.
The variety is often regarded as Chardonnay's understudy; like Chardonnay it produces a similar medium- to full-bodied style of wine with good acidity, and responds well to oak maturation. Pinot Blanc's varietal characters include apple and almond, and sometimes a touch of smokiness, although – like Chardonnay – it is a palette for winemaker intervention, and flavors often depend on style.
Pinot Blanc's spiritual home is arguably Alsace, where it is overshadowed somewhat by the region's undoubted stars, Riesling and Gewurztraminer. Pinot Blanc wines from the region are typified by almond aromas, with a hint of spice. On the palate they show a range of apple flavors, usually at the floury and creamy end of the spectrum. They may display some light mineral characteristics, but these are generally muted by the oak treatment favoured in the region. Sparkling Cremant d'Alsace wines, on the other hand, tend to be more crisp, often exhibiting a variety of nutty flavors.
By a quirk of Alsace's appellation laws, wines that are labeled as Pinot Blanc may in fact have an undisclosed proportion of Auxerrois, a similar grape variety which has slightly less acidity. Curiously, this rule does not apply to Auxerrois-labeled wines in Alsace.
In Burgundy, where the grape is thought to have originated, it is still permitted in many Grand Cru vineyards (although rarely makes its way into any of them). The variety is also one of the little-seen varieties permitted in the Champagne blend, playing second fiddle to Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier.
Outside of France, Pinot Blanc is planted widely in northwest Italy, where it is known as Pinot Bianco. Here, it is made in a lighter, crisper style that rarely sees any oak intervention, and is often blended with other varieties. Pinot Bianco is also used in the production of Italian sparkling wines: most notably Franciacorta, Italy's answer to Champagne.
In Germany and Austria, the variety is known as Weissburgunder or Weisser Burgunder (literally "White Burgundy"). In Germany, its wines are usually light and refreshing, but in Austria, it can be used to make the luxuriously sweet and textured Trockenbeerenauslese. It was introduced here in the 19th Century and it is grown extensively in the eastern part of the country, particularly in Niederosterreich and Burgenland.
Pinot Blanc is also commercially produced in the United States, Canada, Argentina and Uruguay. Alcohol levels in these wines tend to be medium to high, with good acidity giving the wine a slightly sour, tart, edge. Pinot Blanc's high natural acidity makes it a popular choice in the production of sparkling wine in California, while in Canada it can be made as ice wine. Canada’s Okanagan Valley has developed a reputation as a quality region for still Pinot Blanc production.
Synonyms include: Pinot Bianco, Weissburgunder, Weisser Burgunder, Beli Pinot, Klevner (Alsace), Blanc Vrai (Champagne)
Food matches for Pinot Blanc include:
- Quiche Lorraine
- Pad Thai noodles
- Grilled chicken with garlic and tahini sauce